Occupational stress and coping age and gender differences

Showing Mean Scores of Male Occupational and Female Teachers on Ways stress, ways of Coping of coping and anxiety 12 10 8 6 4 Mean Scores 2 Male Teachers Female Teachers 0 Variables 13 The findings of the present study areOccupational in line with astress, number of earlier ways researches of coping and anxiety depicting that the appropriate Ways of Coping reduced the Occupational Stress and Anxiety among college teachers.

Introduction Excess stress is the cause of considerable problems in developed countries. On the other hand, male middle level managers were more likely to engage in "logic", i. College and Undergraduate Libraries, 14, For example, McDonald and Korabik found that females were more likely to talk to others about their problems and seek social support when they experienced stress in a similar way, Burke and Belcourt found that women tended to talk to their friends and family about work-related problems more than men did.

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia For example, McDonald and Korabik found that females were more likely to talk to others about their problems and seek social support when they experienced stress in a similar way, Burke and Belcourt found that women tended to talk to their friends and family about work-related problems more than men did.

We are particularly interested in looking for significant differences between the genders in the relative impact of the JDCS model factors on the levels of job strain on job strain.

Gender Difference in Occupational Stress

The mean age of respondents is 33 with range from 27 to Social Support Female managers reported significantly higher scores on questionnaire items relating to social support for any issue as a coping strategy.

Davis conducted research on teaching anxiety with college teachers— especially psychology teachers, accounting educators, psychology and family life teachers, and librarians respectively. These results are also consistent with the findings of previous studies. To the extent that supervisor support, encouragement and guidance are crucial in assisting the female middle level mangers to get ahead in her profession, managers should make a conscientious effort to ensure that their female staff receive the support and guidance they need from their superiors.

Another plausible explanation why female were show lower level promotion at the work place this was higher scores as a source of stress than their male counterparts. One of the dominant models in the area of psycho-social occupational stress is the Job Demands-Control JDC model [ 3940 ].

Anxiety, Stress and Coping: In fact, Freedman and Phillips noted that women who are in male-dominated professions generally tend to lack confidence in their ability to excel in their jobs compared with their male colleagues. According to census and statistical departmental statistics labour force has contend To the extent that supervisor support, encouragement and guidance are crucial in assisting the female middle level mangers to get ahead in her profession, managers should make a conscientious effort to ensure that their female staff receive the support and guidance they need from their superiors.

In this case female managers Kelaniya Journal of Human Resource Management Volume 2 Number 2 July are rich with personal relationships without clashes. After analysing the different proposals in the literature for measuring psycho-social stressors, and on the basis of the abovementioned survey on working conditions in Andalusia, we selected 10 indicators for the concepts of Quantitative demands, Qualitative demands, Control and Support, and two indicators for the concept of Perceived risk as a manifestation of Job strain.

In contrast, stress will conceivably have a less harmful impact on health in jobs with fewer demands and a high level of control and social support.

Some of them also reported using alternative rewards sex and masturbation. Generally, the results show that men may find it more difficult to articulate their problems and may suppress their emotions and not let their stress show possibly because such behaviours are in line with societal norms and expectations.

The academic librarian instructor: Rationaly of this would be, their mind freedom and less responsibilities from the home- work balance. Female middle level managers also scored significantly higher than their male counterparts on stress stemming from "Hurts with office politics".

Educational Psychology ,26 4— Billings,A. Trait anxiety, like potential energy, refers to individual differences in reactions. Work schedule, work orientation, marriage, children and spouse, employment patterns all produce pressures to participate extensively in the work role or family role.

Gender Difference in Occupational Stress

Other studies find differences between the genders only with regards the perceived level of control in the workplace [ 20515253 ], but not with regards job demands, unlike other research [ 92137 ], or support.

A longitudinal study of psychological burnout in teachers. A total no of questionnaires were distributed and were returned, out of the questionnaires retuned were well completed.

End of the twentieth century women's participation of work force has increased by significant way compared with men. Thus the studies have not reached a consensus about whether women and men differ with regards the problems caused by stress and their perception of the stressors.

In contrast, studies 7 investigating relative coping showed that men were more stress, Occupational likely toways use of problem-focused coping and anxiety coping relative to their use of emotion- or avoidance focused strategieswhereas women were more likely to seek emotional support in preference to using problem-focused or avoidant strategies.

But Sanne et al. To measure the Accepting Responsibility among male and female teachers. Results indicated that role overload, role ambiguity, role conflict and coping significantly affected the health of managers.

Private sector has provided Reviews of stress literature has revealed evidences of gender related behavioural, physiological and neuro-endocronological differences in stress and coping. There is no significant difference between male and female Teachers in Seeking Social Support.

Once the measurement models—the factor structures of the relations between the indicators and their psycho-social stressors and the perceived risk—were validated in both samples, the Structural Model was analysed using SEM.

With respect to coping strategies, female middle level managers tend social support when they experience stress, while men tend to suppress their emotions and deal with problems in a logical and unemotional manner, and they cope stress with organizing works than females.

To examine further gender differences in specific aspects of the job, t-tests were performed for male and female middle level managers on various items in each dimension of the OSI.This study examines gender differences in stress and coping in a sample of people ( women and men) between 18 and 65 years old, with different sociodemographic characteristics.

Gender Differences on Coping with Occupational Stress. To further understand the coping literature, it is imperative to take into consideration the types of gender differences associated with stress and coping. There are few differences, if any, in the amount of occupational stress men and women experience and report (Martocchio & O'Leary, ).

Data were collected on sources of occupational stress (stressors), coping and consequences of occupational stress (strains) from male and female managers from four countries — South Africa, the United Kingdom, United States of America and Taiwan.

Gender Difference in Occupational Stress

In this study, we examine gender differences in occupational stress, taking into consideration the role of marital status, age and education. Results from a sample of professionals suggest that women experience higher levels of occupational stress than men.

would differ in the types of occupational stress they experienced and the coping strategies they adopted in dealing with stress. Clearly, if gender differences do exist in occupational stress and coping strategies, there are implica-tions for the design of intervention programmes intended to alleviate the harmful aspects of job stress.

This study examines gender differences in stress and coping in a sample of people ( women and men) between 18 and 65 years old, with different sociodemographic characteristics.

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Occupational stress and coping age and gender differences
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